Driving with electricity
The end of the oil age has begun.
Cars are Germany’s most important export product. The automotive industry employs over 700,000 people, making it one of the biggest employers in the country. At the same time, the transport sector uses large amounts of energy, around a third of Germany’s final energy consumption. This is why the German Government is boosting its efforts to reduce consumption.
There have already been positive results. For example, the number of kilometres covered by freight and passenger travel per year roughly doubled between 1990 and 2013, but energy consumption only rose by nine percent during the same period.
Germany’s targets and progress in the transport sector
In order to save even more energy, Germany is relying on efficient vehicle technologies and gradually switching to electric vehicles, with a focus on cars, light delivery vehicles, local public transport vehicles and motorcycles. The country aims to become a key international electromobility market by 2020. To this end, the German Government is promoting market and technology development via a large number of programmes.
Fuel cell vehicles are regarded as an important addition to battery electric vehicles. Hydrogen and fuel cell projects will receive 1.4 billion euros in state funding by 2016. Hydrogen hybrid buses are already being used in public transport in several German regions.
In addition to climate-friendly drive systems, new transport concepts such as car sharing are becoming increasingly popular. Car sharing reduces the amount of traffic on the roads and lowers emissions. Over one million users are currently registered among 150 car sharing providers in Germany.